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Long-term safety and efficacy of paclitaxel-eluting stents final 5-year analysis from the TAXUS Clinical Trial Program.

Author(s): Stone GW, Ellis SG, Colombo A, Grube E, Popma JJ, Uchida T, Bleuit JS, Dawkins KD, Russell ME.

Affiliation(s): Department of Cardiology, Columbia University, Medical Center/New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York 10022, USA. gs2184@columbia.edu

Publication date & source: 2011, JACC Cardiovasc Interv. , 4(5):530-42

OBJECTIVES: These studies sought to evaluate the clinical outcomes of the slow-release Taxus paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) versus an otherwise identical bare-metal stent (BMS). BACKGROUND: Prior studies were not individually powered to generate reliable estimates of low-frequency safety endpoints or to characterize the long-term safety and efficacy profile of PES. METHODS: The completed 5-year databases from the prospective, randomized, double-blind TAXUS I, II, IV, and V trials were pooled for a patient-level analysis. RESULTS: The study population comprised 2,797 randomized patients (1,400 PES and 1,397 BMS). At the end of the 5-year study period, PES compared with BMS significantly reduced the rate of ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization (12.3% vs. 21.0%, p < 0.0001), with consistent reductions across high-risk subgroups and in patients with and without routine angiographic follow-up. There were no significant differences between the stent types in the 1-year or cumulative 5-year rates of death or myocardial infarction (MI). However, cardiac death or MI between 1 and 5 years was increased with PES (6.7% vs. 4.5%, p = 0.01), as was stent thrombosis (protocol definition: 0.9% vs. 0.2%, p = 0.007; ARC definition: 1.4% vs. 0.9%, p = 0.18). CONCLUSIONS: In this pooled patient-level analysis from the prospective, randomized, double-blind TAXUS trials, PES compared with BMS resulted in a durable 47% reduction in the 5-year rate of ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization in simple and complex lesions, with nonsignificant differences in the cumulative 5-year rates of death or MI. Between 1 and 5 years, however, the rates of cardiac death or MI and protocol-defined stent thrombosis were increased with PES.

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