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Efficacy of anesthetic agents to delay pain onset after periodontal surgery.

Author(s): Steffens JP, Pochapski MT, Santos FA, Pilatti GL

Affiliation(s): University of Sao Paulo State, Araraquara, Brazil. joaopaulosteffens@hotmail.com

Publication date & source: 2011-06, Anesth Prog., 58(2):57-60.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of 2 anesthetic agents on patients' postoperative pain perception after periodontal surgery. For this parallel-group, double-blinded, randomized clinical trial, 36 open flap debridement surgeries were performed on patients who presented with periodontal disease with clinical signs of inflammation after nonsurgical treatment on at least 1 quadrant. Patients were allocated to 1 of the following groups: group 1, 2% lidocaine with 1 ratio 100,000 epinephrine; group 2, 2% mepivacaine with 1 ratio 100,000 norepinephrine. Pain intensity was assessed using the visual analog scale during the first 8 hours after surgery. All patients received 750-mg acetaminophen tablets, which they were instructed to take as a rescue medication if necessary. The results demonstrated that postoperative pain intensity was statistically lower in group 2 than in group 1 at the 1-, 2-, and 3-hour periods after surgery, although the pain intensity for all groups could be considered mild. In conclusion, patients in both groups reported similar mild pain after periodontal surgery.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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