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Effects of concurrent administration of nevirapine on the disposition of quinine in healthy volunteers.

Author(s): Soyinka JO, Onyeji CO, Omoruyi SI, Owolabi AR, Sarma PV, Cook JM

Affiliation(s): Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Publication date & source: 2009-04, J Pharm Pharmacol., 61(4):439-43.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

OBJECTIVES: Nevirapine and quinine are likely to be administered concurrently in the treatment of patients with HIV and malaria. Both drugs are metabolised to a significant extent by cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4 and nevirapine is also an inducer of this enzyme. This study therefore evaluated the effect of nevirapine on the pharmacokinetics of quinine. METHODS: Quinine (600 mg single dose) was administered either alone or with the 17th dose of nevirapine (200 mg every 12 h for 12 days) to 14 healthy volunteers in a crossover fashion. Blood samples collected at predetermined time intervals were analysed for quinine and its major metabolite, 3-hydroxquinine, using a validated HPLC method. KEY FINDINGS: Administration of quinine plus nevirapine resulted in significant decreases (P < 0.01) in the total area under the concentration-time curve (AUC(T)), maximum plasma concentration (C(max)) and terminal elimination half-life (T((1/2)beta)) of quinine compared with values with quinine dosing alone (AUC: 53.29 +/- 4.01 vs 35.48 +/- 2.01 h mg/l; C(max): 2.83 +/- 0.16 vs 1.81 +/- 0.06 mg/l; T((1/2)beta): 11.35 +/- 0.72 vs 8.54 +/- 0.76 h), while the oral plasma clearance markedly increased (11.32 +/- 0.84 vs 16.97 +/- 0.98 l/h). In the presence of nevirapine there was a pronounced increase in the ratio of AUC(metabolite)/AUC (unchanged drug) and highly significant increases in C(max) and AUC of the metabolite (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Nevirapine significantly alters the pharmacokinetics of quinine. An increase in the dose of quinine may be necessary when the drug is co-administered with nevirapine.

Page last updated: 2009-10-20

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