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Initial management of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis with oral ketoconazole and topical clotrimazole.

Author(s): Sobel JD, Schmitt C, Stein G, Mummaw N, Christensen S, Meriwether C

Affiliation(s): Division of Infectious Diseases, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan.

Publication date & source: 1994-07, J Reprod Med., 39(7):517-20.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

In a randomized study, 151 women with a history of recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis and suffering from an acute episode of candidal vaginitis were assigned to receive either oral ketoconazole, 400 mg daily for 14 days, or clotrimazole vaginal suppositories, 100 mg daily for 7 days. One week after completion of therapy, evaluation revealed a clinical cure or improvement in 86.4% of ketoconazole- and 81.7% of clotrimazole-treated patients (P > .5), with a mycologic response in 80.3% and 81.7%, respectively. In the absence of maintenance suppressive antimycotic therapy, further follow-up for two months revealed an extremely high rate of clinical and mycologic failure in both groups, reaching 52.5% after ketoconazole and 62.6% after clotrimazole (NS). Adverse effects were significantly more common with systemic ketoconazole than accompanying topical clotrimazole therapy. Although both forms of antifungal therapy were highly successful in inducing clinical and mycologic remission in patients with recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis, this study emphasized the need for immediate initiation of maintenance therapy following an initial clinical improvement.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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