Assessing the efficacy of desvenlafaxine for improving functioning and well-being outcome measures in patients with major depressive disorder: a pooled analysis of 9 double-blind, placebo-controlled, 8-week clinical trials.
Author(s): Soares CN, Kornstein SG, Thase ME, Jiang Q, Guico-Pabia CJ
Affiliation(s): Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, Mood Disorders Division, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, L8P 3B6, Canada. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2009-10, J Clin Psychiatry., 70(10):1365-71.
Publication type: Comparative Study; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of desvenlafaxine therapy on functioning and well-being in major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: Total and individual item Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) and 5-item World Health Organization Well-Being Index (WHO-5) scores from 8 double-blind, placebo-controlled, 8-week desvenlafaxine clinical trials were pooled. Scores on the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS(17)) work/activities and Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) lassitude items were pooled from 9 studies. Outpatients with DSM-IV MDD were randomly assigned to fixed (5 studies; 50, 100, 200, or 400 mg/d; n = 1,342) or flexible (4 studies, 100-400 mg/d; n = 463) doses of desvenlafaxine or placebo (n = 1,108). Data from each patient's final evaluation were analyzed for the total population and for individual dose groups from the fixed-dose studies and were compared between groups using analysis of covariance. RESULTS: Compared with placebo, desvenlafaxine therapy resulted in significantly greater improvements in SDS total score (-2.0) and individual items regarding work (-0.6), social life/leisure activities (-0.8), and family life/home responsibilities (-0.7; P < .001 for all comparisons), as well as WHO-5 total score (1.7) and individual items (good spirits [0.4], calm/relaxed [0.4], active/vigorous [0.3], fresh/rested [0.3], and interest [0.3]; P < .001 for all comparisons). Desvenlafaxine treatment resulted in significant improvements on the HDRS(17) work/activities (-0.2; P < .001) and MADRS lassitude (-0.3; P < .001) items compared with placebo. Significant differences were observed for the individual fixed-dose groups on all outcomes (P < .05); there was no evidence of a dose-response relationship. CONCLUSIONS: Desvenlafaxine therapy resulted in significant improvements in the functioning and well-being among MDD patients. Copyright 2009 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.