Short-course of prednisolone in solitary cysticercus granuloma: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
Author(s): Singla M, Prabhakar S, Modi M, Medhi B, Khandelwal N, Lal V
Affiliation(s): Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2011-10, Epilepsia., 52(10):1914-7. Epub 2011 Jul 21.
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of administration of a short course of prednisolone on seizure and radiologic outcome in patients with solitary cysticercus granuloma (SCG). METHODS: One hundred forty-eight subjects presenting with new-onset seizures (<15 days duration) and with SCG demonstrated on imaging studies were randomly allocated to either treatment with prednisolone (40-60 mg/day for 2 weeks) or placebo in addition to standard antiepileptic drug therapy. The subjects were followed up for seizure recurrence for 9 months. Repeat computed tomography (CT, at 3 months) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, at 6 months) to evaluate resolution and calcification of the lesion. KEY FINDINGS: There was no difference in the proportion of subjects with seizure recurrence during the follow-up period in the treatment (n = 16, 21.9%) and control (n = 19, 25.33%) groups (p = 0.7). However, generalized seizures occurred in a significantly lesser proportion of subjects in the treatment group (n = 3, 15.79%) in comparison to the control group (n = 12, 60.00%) (p = 0.015). There were no significant differences in the proportion of subjects with complete resolution of the SCG on repeat CT at 3 months [treatment group (27, 46.7%) and control group (23, 39.8%); p = 0.453] and repeat MRI at 6 months [treatment group (28, 46.7%) and control group (21, 38.9%); p = 0.402]. SIGNIFICANCE: The administration of a short course of prednisolone does not offer significant improvement in seizure control, although a benefit in terms of reducing the likelihood of generalized seizures is possible. Furthermore, it does not improve the chances of resolution of the SCG on follow-up imaging studies. Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (c) 2011 International League Against Epilepsy.