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Differential effects of nifedipine and co-amilozide on the progression of early carotid wall changes.

Author(s): Simon A, Gariepy J, Moyse D, Levenson J

Affiliation(s): Centre de Medecine Preventive Cardiovasculaire, Hopital Broussais, Paris, France. alain.simon@brs.ap-hop-paris.fr

Publication date & source: 2001-06-19, Circulation., 103(24):2949-54.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

BACKGROUND: Common carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) progression was compared between 4 years of treatment with nifedipine and diuretic. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study, ancillary to the International Nifedipine GITS Study: Intervention as a Goal in Hypertension Treatment (INSIGHT), involved nifedipine 30 mg or co-amilozide (hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg and amiloride 2.5 mg) with optional subsequent titration. Among 439 randomized hypertensive patients, 324 had >/=1 year of follow-up (intent-to-treat group), and 242 completed follow-up (until-end-of-study group). Ultrasonography was performed at baseline, 4 months later, and then every year. Central computerized reading provided far-wall IMT, diameter, and cross-sectional area IMT (CSA-IMT). The primary outcome was IMT progression rate (slope of IMT-time regression). Secondary outcomes were changes from baseline (Delta) in IMT, diameter, and CSA-IMT. In the until-end-of-study population, between-treatment differences existed in IMT progression rate (P=0.002), Delta IMT (P=0.001), and Delta CSA-IMT (P=0.006), because IMT progressed on co-amilozide but not on nifedipine. In the intent-to-treat population, treatment differences existed in Delta IMT (P=0.004) and Delta CSA-IMT (P=0.04) but not in IMT progression rate (P=0.09). Patients with >/=2, 3, or 4 years of follow-up showed treatment differences in IMT progression rate (P=0.04, 0.004, 0.007, respectively), Delta IMT (P=0.005, 0.001, 0.005), and Delta CSA-IMT (P=0.025, 0.013, 0.015). Diameter decreased more on co-amilozide than on nifedipine in the intent-to-treat population (P<0.05), whereas blood pressure decreased similarly on both treatments. CONCLUSIONS: A difference in early carotid wall changes is shown between 2 equally effective antihypertensive treatments.

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