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[Effects of perioperative administration of celecoxib on pain management and recovery of function after total knee replacement]

Author(s): Shen B, Tang X, Yang J, Li Y, Zhou ZK, Kang PD, Pei FX

Affiliation(s): Department of Orthopedic Surgery, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China. shenbin71@hotmail.com

Publication date & source: 2009-01-15, Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi., 47(2):116-9.

Publication type: English Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of perioperative administration of a selective cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitor (celecoxib) on pain management and recovery of function after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Randomized, controlled trial conducted from January 2005 through February 2006, 60 patients underwent TKA for osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis were randomly divided into group of perioperative, administration of celecoxib (Study group, n = 30) and postoperative administration of celecoxib (Control group, n = 30). Patients in Study group were given oral celecoxib 3 d before TKA, 200 mg twice daily, and extended to 5 d postoperatively; patients in Control group were given oral celecoxib 2 h after TKA, 200 mg twice daily, and extended to 5 d postoperatively. All operations were finished by the same surgeon group. RESULTS: The postoperative patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) consumption was significantly less in Study group than in Control group [(43 +/- 12) ml vs. (53 +/- 12) ml, P < 0.05]. The pain scores of postoperative 4, 8, 12 h, 1, 2 d in Study group were 6.1 +/- 1.2, 5.0 +/- 1.3, 4.3 +/- 1.1, 3.4 +/- 1.2, significantly less than in Control group (P < 0.05); There were no intergroup significant differences in the pain scores of postoperative 3, 4, 5 d (P > 0.05). There were no intergroup significant differences in respect to the side-effect occurrence, operation time and postoperative drainage, postoperative analgesic consumption (P > 0.05). The time to achieve 90 degrees knee flexion was significantly shorter in Study group than in Control group [(6.2 +/- 1.7) d vs. (8.6 +/- 1.8) d, P < 0.05]. CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative administration of the selective Celecoxib holds the effect of preemptive analgesia. Compared with postoperative administration, perioperative administration of celecoxib can alleviate the early postoperative pain score, reduce the consumption of postoperative analgesic, accelerate the recovery of joint motion and thus increase the patient satisfaction.

Page last updated: 2009-10-20

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