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Efficacy, safety, and tolerability of oral eletriptan for treatment of acute migraine: a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study conducted in the United States.

Author(s): Sheftell F, Ryan R, Pitman V, Eletriptan Steering Committee

Affiliation(s): The New England Center for Headache, Stamford, Conn 06902, USA.

Publication date & source: 2003-03, Headache., 43(3):202-13.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy, consistency, safety, and tolerability of oral eletriptan in the acute treatment of three migraine attacks. BACKGROUND: Eletriptan is a selective 5-HT1B/1D agonist member of a class of agents known to be effective in the acute treatment of migraine. METHODS: Thirteen hundred thirty-four patients were randomized to 20 mg, 40 mg, or 80 mg of eletriptan, or placebo and could treat up to three attacks. The primary efficacy endpoint was 2-hour headache response for the first attack. Secondary endpoints included associated symptom relief, and pain-free, sustained pain-free, and consistency of response. RESULTS: Eletriptan 20 mg, 40 mg, and 80 mg achieved significantly (P <.0001) better headache response rates than placebo at 2 hours (47%, 62%, and 59%, respectively, versus 22%) and 4 hours (64%, 76%, and 79%, respectively, versus 25%). Headache response was observed to be rapid, showing improvement at 0.5 hour and 1 hour. Two-hour pain-free response rates for eletriptan 20 mg, 40 mg, and 80 mg were 14%, 27%, and 27%, respectively, compared with 4% for placebo. Sustained pain-free response rates were significantly (P <.001) better for eletriptan 20 mg (10%), 40 mg (20%), and 80 mg (18%) compared with placebo (3%). Eletriptan had a higher consistency of intrapatient response than placebo in two of three (68% to 82%) and three of three attacks (32% to 60%) versus 16% and 8%, respectively. All eletriptan doses yielded significant functional improvement at 2 hours. Adverse events were generally mild or moderate and transient, with eletriptan 20 mg having an adverse event profile comparable to placebo. CONCLUSIONS: Eletriptan is efficacious, displaying high consistency of response over multiple attacks, and is well tolerated for the acute treatment of migraine.

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