Long-term evaluation of single bolus high dose ATG induction therapy for prophylaxis of rejection in live donor kidney transplantation.
Author(s): Sheashaa HA, Hamdy AF, Bakr MA, Abdelbaset SF, Ghoneim MA
Affiliation(s): Urology & Nephrology Center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2008, Int Urol Nephrol., 40(2):515-20.
Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The long-term evaluation of single bolus high dose antithymocyte globulin (ATG) induction therapy has not been adequately studied. We aimed to evaluate its long-term effects in the living related donor kidney transplantation. METHODS: Eighty adult recipients with their first kidney allograft were randomized into two equal treatment groups, one group received intraoperative single bolus rabbit ATG in a dose of 9 mg/kg and the second group served as a control. All patients were maintained on triple immunosuppressive therapy (steroids, calcineurin inhibitor and antiproliferative agent). We followed them thoroughly for minimum of 5 years. RESULTS: ATG significantly reduced the proportion of patients who experienced acute rejection episodes in the first year (9/40) when compared to the control group (26/40) and in 5 years (11/40) when compared to (30/40) in controls. The cumulative steroid dose used throughout the study was significantly lower in the ATG group. The overall incidence of posttransplant complications was comparable among the two treatment groups. There was no significant difference in patient and graft survival: 5 year survival was 100% and 85% for the ATG group, and 95% and 92.5% in the control group, respectively. CONCLUSION: Although routine single bolus ATG induction significantly reduces the incidence of acute rejection, its long-term beneficial effects on graft function and patient and graft survival are not evident.