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Efficacy and tolerability of prochlorperazine buccal tablets in treatment of acute migraine.

Author(s): Sharma S, Prasad A, Nehru R, Anand KS, Rishi RK, Chaturvedi S, Bapna JS, Sharma DR

Affiliation(s): Departments of Neuropsychopharmacology, Institute of Human Behaviour & Allied Sciences, Delhi, India.

Publication date & source: 2002-10, Headache., 42(9):896-902.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVES: To study the efficacy and tolerability of prochlorperazine (PCZ) management of acute migraine. DESIGN AND METHODS: A double blind comparative study was conducted to assess the efficacy of buccal PCZ 3 mg compared with oral ergotamine tartarate 1 mg plus caffeine 100 mg (ERG) or placebo (buccal or oral) for treatment of acute migraine. In all, 114 episodes of acute migraine were evaluated. Patients graded symptoms on a four-point scale before and up to 4 hours after treatment. The primary efficacy parameters included headache resolution within 2 hours (grade 3 or 2 to grade 0) and alleviation of other accompanying symptoms of migraine. The supplementary endpoints included improvement in quality of life (QOL). RESULTS: The percentage of patients reporting resolution of headache (to grade 0) was 51.4% for buccal PCZ and 21.7% for buccal placebo, 23.1% for oral ERG and 28.6% for oral placebo, headache tended to recur in both the placebo and ERG groups after initial improvement. Buccal PCZ was well tolerated; no signs of local irritation were evident, and patients found the formulation easy to use. Mild but transient sedation and drowsiness were observed in 41%. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, PCZ 3 mg via the buccal route produced faster improvement and greater efficacy than placebo (oral as well as buccal) or oral ERG. The global QOL score 2 hours after treatment scores was higher in the PCZ group. Buccal PCZ may represent a particularly effective alternative for acute migraine treatment.

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