Induction of pre-ovulatory gonadotrophin surge with gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist compared to pre-ovulatory injection of human chorionic gonadotrophins for ovulation induction in intrauterine insemination treatment cycles.
Author(s): Shalev E, Geslevich Y, Matilsky M, Ben-Ami M
Affiliation(s): Dept of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Central Emek Hospital, Afula, Israel.
Publication date & source: 1995-09, Hum Reprod., 10(9):2244-7.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial
The clinical outcome of intrauterine insemination (IUI) treatment cycles employing a gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist [GnRHa, triptorelin (Decapeptyl)] or human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) for ovulation induction was compared. A group of 48 patients presenting with amenorrhoea, oligomenorrhoea or unexplained infertility were all treated with human menopausal gonadotrophins (HMG) from day 5 of the cycle, on an individualized schedule. They were then randomly divided into two groups to receive either a single s.c. injection of 0.1 mg triptorelin or a single i.m. injection of 10,000 IU HCG after follicular maturation. IUI was performed approximately 24 and 48 h following the injection. A transitory increase in serum luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone concentrations was achieved following injection of GnRHa. A total of 24 patients received 72 treatment cycles with GnRHa, producing 11 conceptions (15.3%) and two abortions (18.2%), resulting in a term pregnancy rate of 13.6%. There were four cases of grade 3-4 ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), two of which were conception cycles. In all, 24 patients underwent 68 cycles treated with HCG, producing 18 conceptions (26.5%) and six abortions (33.3%), resulting in a term pregnancy rate of 19.0%. There were eight cycles of grade 3-4 OHSS, two of which were conception cycles. These results show that an s.c. injection of a relatively low dose of GnRHa can be as effective as HCG in producing pregnancy in IUI treatment cycles.