Short posterior ciliary artery, central retinal artery, and choroidal hemodynamics in brimonidine-treated primary open-angle glaucoma patients.
Author(s): Schmidt KG, Klingmuller V, Gouveia SM, Osborne NN, Pillunat LE
Affiliation(s): Department of Ophthalmology, University of Dresden, Dresden, Germany. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2003-12, Am J Ophthalmol., 136(6):1038-48.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial
PURPOSE: Malfunction in peripapillary hemodynamics has been suggested to play a major part in the pathogenesis of primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). The aim of this study was to determine whether topically applied brimonidine can influence blood hemodynamic characteristics associated with the perioptic short posterior ciliary arteries (SPCAs), central retinal artery (CRA), and choroidal vascular system in POAG patients. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial.In this prospective, institutional, double-masked, vehicle-controlled, randomized clinical trial, the intraocular pressure (IOP) and vascular dynamics of the SPCAs, CRA, and choroidal vascular system were analyzed in both eyes of 17 POAG patients, before and after treatment with 0.2% brimonidine for 4 weeks. RESULTS: Mean IOP reduction was significant (18.7%) following treatment with brimonidine. However, no clear changes were recorded with respect to blood perfusion parameters (peak systolic velocity, end-diastolic velocity, pulsatility, and resistance indices) associated with the SPCAs and CRA or the choroidal ocular pulse amplitude. CONCLUSIONS: Topical treatment of brimonidine to POAG patients causes a significant reduction of IOP, but blood hemodynamic properties associated with the SPCAs, CRA, and choroidal vascular systems appeared unaffected. Topically applied brimonidine, therefore, appears not to constrict or dilate peripapillary blood vessels.