Morning or evening administration of nasal calcitonin? Effects on biochemical markers of bone turnover.
Author(s): Schlemmer A, Ravn P, Hassager C, Christiansen C
Affiliation(s): Center for Clinical & Basic Research, Ballerup Byvej, Ballerup, Denmark.
Publication date & source: 1997-01, Bone., 20(1):63-7.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of intranasal salmon calcitonin (sCT) administration (200 IE), given either in the morning (8:00) or evening (21:00), on the known circadian variation in biochemical markers of bone turnover. An open, placebo-controlled, randomized, crossover study, with three 24 h studies of blood samples drawn every third hour and urine collected in 3 h aliquots was undertaken. Subjects consisted of nine healthy postmenopausal women, aged 58 +/- 7 years. Urinary CrossLaps (a measure of bone resorption) was measured by ELISA and corrected for creatinine (Cr). Serum osteocalcin (sOC) was measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA). The first 24 h study was performed without intervention. Prior to this control study the participants were randomized to either morning (8:00) or evening (21:00) sCT (200 IE). sCT administrations were given 4-5 days prior to and during the second study. After a washing-out period of 2 weeks the participants were given 200 IE of sCT at the reverse time of the day 5 days prior to and during the third study. At all timepoints, urinary CrossLaps/Cr exhibited a significant (p < 0.001) circadian rhythm with its zenith in early morning and nadir in late afternoon. Both morning and evening administration of sCT significantly decreased the urinary excretion of CrossLaps/Cr approximately 3-6 h after administration with a subsequent rebound effect. sOC did not exhibit a significant circadian variation and was not affected by the calcitonin. The 24 h mean urinary CrossLaps/Cr and sOC remained unchanged. Both morning and evening sCT significantly decreased the urinary excretion of CrossLaps/Cr 3-6 h after administration, with a rebound effect approximately 12 h later. However, the present study does not indicate that neither evening nor twice-daily administration is superior to morning administration.