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[Glycemic control before and after sitagliptin in general medical practice: analysis of determinant factors in the Belgian observational study "SUGAR"].

Author(s): Scheen AJ, Van Gaal LF

Affiliation(s): Universite de Liege, Service de Diabetologie, Nutrition et Maladies metaboliques, CHU de Liege, Belgique.

Publication date & source: 2011-07, Rev Med Liege., 66(7-8):440-6.

Publication type: English Abstract

Sitagliptin (Januvia), the first selective inhibitor of dipeptidylpeptidase-4 with a so-called incretin effect, has been evaluated in SUGAR, a large Belgian prospective observational study carried out in general practice. Sitagliptin, at a dose of 100 mg once daily, was added to previous treatment of not well controlled type 2 diabetic patients (> 95% on metformin monotherapy). Among 605 patients analysed in intention to treat, the worse the glycaemic control at entry, the greatest the reduction in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and fasting plasma glucose levels after the addition of sitagliptin (p < 0.001). No specific factor was associated with the quality of initial glucose control among age, body mass index, the duration of diabetes or the modalities of its pharmacological treatment. Similarly, among these factors, none was significantly associated with the reduction in HbA1c or fasting plasma glucose levels observed with the addition of sitagliptin. Thus, sitagliptin was as active in older as in younger subjects, in obese as in nonobese people and in patients with diabetes of long versus short duration. In particular, SUGAR recruited data on 191 patients above 70 years in whom sitagliptin was as effective and safe as in younger patients with type 2 diabetes.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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