DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Efficacy and safety of doxepin 1 mg, 3 mg, and 6 mg in elderly patients with primary insomnia: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study.

Author(s): Scharf M, Rogowski R, Hull S, Cohn M, Mayleben D, Feldman N, Ereshefsky L, Lankford A, Roth T

Affiliation(s): Tristate Sleep Disorders Center, 1275 East Kemper Rd., Cincinnati, OH 45246, USA. sleepsat1@aol.com

Publication date & source: 2008-10, J Clin Psychiatry., 69(10):1557-64. Epub 2008 Oct 7.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

OBJECTIVES: Evaluate efficacy and safety of the histamine-H1 antagonist doxepin at doses of 1 mg, 3 mg, and 6 mg in elderly adults with primary insomnia. DESIGN: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design was used in this population of elderly adults with primary insomnia (DSM-IV). Each treatment period consisted of 2 polysomnographic (PSG) assessment nights with a 5- or 12-day drug-free interval between periods. The study was conducted from September 2004 to January 2005. SETTING: Sleep laboratories in 11 sleep centers in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Elderly adults with primary insomnia. INTERVENTION: Doxepin 1 mg, 3 mg, and 6 mg. MEASUREMENTS: Efficacy was assessed using PSG and patient-reported measures. RESULTS: Seventy-six patients were randomly assigned. All 3 doxepin doses produced dose-related significant improvements in PSG-determined wake time during sleep (p < .0001), wake time after sleep onset (p < .0001), total sleep time (p < .0001), and overall sleep efficiency (p < .0001) versus placebo. At the 3-mg and 6-mg doses, sleep efficiency was significantly improved during all thirds of the night (p < .05). There was a dose-related decrease in patient-reported sleep latency, with the 6-mg dose achieving statistical significance in latency to sleep onset (p = .0181). The pattern of the remaining subjective efficacy results was consistent with PSG. All 3 doxepin doses had side effect profiles comparable to placebo, with no spontaneously reported anticholinergic effects, no memory impairment, and no significant next-day residual effects. CONCLUSIONS: In this 2-night study of elderly adults with primary insomnia, doxepin doses of 1 mg, 3 mg, and 6 mg were well tolerated and produced significant improvement in objective and subjective sleep maintenance and duration endpoints that persisted into the final hour of the night. Positive effects on patient-reported sleep onset were observed at the highest dose. All 3 doxepin doses had a safety profile comparable to placebo. These data demonstrate that doxepin was efficacious in improving sleep in elderly adults. Copyright 2008 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

Page last updated: 2009-02-08

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017