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Routine prophylactic antifungal agents (clotrimazole, ketoconazole, and nystatin) in nontransplant/nonburned critically ill surgical and trauma patients.

Author(s): Savino JA, Agarwal N, Wry P, Policastro A, Cerabona T, Austria L

Affiliation(s): Westchester County Medical Center, New York Medical College, Valhalla.

Publication date & source: 1994-01, J Trauma., 36(1):20-5

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

A prospective, randomized study was conducted to determine if prophylactic antifungal agents prevented yeast colonization (YC) or yeast sepsis (YS), or if they diminished mortality in 292 critically ill adult (nontransplant/nonburned) surgical and trauma patients admitted to the SICU for 48 hours or longer. Patients were randomized to receive (group I) no therapy, (group II) clotrimazole 10 mg three times a day, (group III) ketoconazole 200 mg per day, or (group IV) nystatin 2 million units every 6 hours. For comparison patients were stratified by the criteria of Slotman and Burchard into high risk (> or = 3 risk factors) and low risk (< 3 risk factors). Fifty patients (17%) had yeast colonization, nine (3.1%) had yeast sepsis, and 41 (14%) died. Stepwise logistic regression analysis of yeast colonization and sepsis using the variables APACHE II scores > 10, need for ventilator support > 48 hours, and 14 risk factors (Slotman and Burchard) showed that treatment with three or more antibiotics, APACHE II > 10, and ventilatory support > 48 hours were the only three variables that were significant predictors of yeast colonization and sepsis. There was no significant difference between the four groups with regard to YC (23%, 18%, 12%, and 15%, respectively), YS (3%, 1%, 2%, and 7%, respectively), or mortality (15%, 14%, 6%, and 20%, respectively).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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