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Effects of the somatostatin analog BIM 23014 on the secretion of growth hormone, thyrotropin, and digestive peptides in normal men.

Author(s): Sassolas G, Khalfallah Y, Chayvialle JA, Cohen R, Merabet S, Casez JP, Calvet P, Cabrera P

Affiliation(s): Centre de Medecine Nucleaire, Lyon, France.

Publication date & source: 1989-02, J Clin Endocrinol Metab., 68(2):239-46.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

BIM 23014 (BIM) is a long-acting octapeptide somatostatin analog. We studied the effects of this analog on the secretion of GH, TSH, and gastroenteropancreatic hormones [secretin, motilin, and pancreatic polypeptide (PP)] in normal men. In the first protocol three BIM doses (125, 250, and 500 micrograms) and vehicle were administered sc in random order at 2000 h to eight normal young men. Plasma GH concentrations decreased during the first part of the night only after the highest dose (P less than 0.05). Plasma secretin levels did not change, while plasma motilin decreased after the 250- and 500-micrograms doses (P = 0.05 and P = 0.02, respectively), and plasma PP decreased after all three doses (P less than 0.05, P less than 0.01, and P less than 0.01, respectively) during the first part of the night. In the second protocol, eight men received BIM, administered by constant sc infusion during the night in a dose of 2 mg/12 h, or vehicle, either alone or in association with a 10 ng/kg.min iv GHRH or vehicle infusion. Nocturnal GH secretion was suppressed by the BIM infusion (P less than 0.001). GH secretion, stimulated by GHRH infusion (P less than 0.001), was reduced by concomitant BIM infusion (P less than 0.001) and was pulsatile during the combined infusions. BIM infusion suppressed the physiological nighttime rise in plasma TSH levels. Plasma motilin and PP levels were reduced by BIM, when administered either alone or in combination with GHRH. We conclude that: 1) BIM is capable of reducing GH secretion when administered sc in a dose of 500 micrograms and of abolishing nocturnal GH secretion when constantly infused at a dose of 2 mg/12 h; 2) BIM, constantly infused, reduces the nocturnal rise in TSH secretion; and 3) motilin and PP secretion are more sensitive than that of GH to BIM, as they are reduced by a lower dose.

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