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Subantimicrobial-dose doxycycline treatment increases serum cholesterol efflux capacity from macrophages.

Author(s): Salminen A(1), Pussinen PJ, Payne JB, Stoner JA, Jauhiainen M, Golub LM, Lee HM, Thompson DM, Sorsa T.

Affiliation(s): Author information: (1)Institute of Dentistry, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 63, 00014 Helsinki, Finland. aino.m.salminen@helsinki.fi

Publication date & source: 2013, Inflamm Res. , 62(7):711-20

OBJECTIVE: Subantimicrobial-dose doxycycline (SDD) treatment has been reported to reduce the severity of chronic inflammation and to increase serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, we determined whether SDD affects the ability of serum to facilitate cholesterol removal from macrophages. METHODS: Forty-five postmenopausal osteopenic women with periodontitis were randomly assigned to take placebo (n = 26) or doxycycline hyclate (20 mg, n = 19) tablets twice daily for 2 years. Serum samples were collected at baseline, 1-, and 2-year appointments. The cholesterol efflux capacity of serum from cultured human macrophages (THP-1) was measured. RESULTS: SDD subjects demonstrated a significant increase in serum-mediated cholesterol efflux from macrophages at both time points compared to baseline (p < 0.04 for each). Mean cholesterol efflux levels over the first year of follow-up were 3.0 percentage points (unit change) higher among SDD subjects compared to placebo subjects (p = 0.010), while there was no significant difference in 2-year changes. There were no significant differences in the changes of apolipoprotein A-I, apolipoprotein A-II, or serum amyloid A levels between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that SDD treatment may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in this patient group by increasing the cholesterol efflux capacity of serum.

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