Analgesic effect of bupivacaine on extraperitoneal laparoscopic hernia repair.
Author(s): Saff GN, Marks RA, Kuroda M, Rozan JP, Hertz R
Affiliation(s): College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 1998-08, Anesth Analg., 87(2):377-81.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial
Local anesthetics decrease postoperative pain when placed at the surgical site. Patients benefit from laparoscopic extraperitoneal hernia repair because this allows earlier mobilization than the more classical open surgical approach. The purpose of this study was to determine the pain-sparing efficacy of local anesthetics placed in the preperitoneal fascial plane during extraperitoneal laparoscopic inguinal hernia surgery. Forty-two outpatients were included in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, institutional review board-approved study. At the conclusion of a standardized general anesthetic, 21 patients received 60 mL of 0.125% bupivacaine into the preperitoneal fascial plane before incisional closure, whereas the other 21 patients received 60 mL of the isotonic sodium chloride solution placebo. Postoperative pain was assessed 1, 4, 8, 24, and 72 h postoperatively. In addition, postoperative fentanyl and outpatient acetaminophen 500 mg/hydrocodone 5 mg requirements were recorded. All hernia repairs were performed by the same surgeon. Appropriate statistical analyses were used. There were no significant differences between the bupivacaine and isotonic sodium chloride solution groups with regard to postoperative pain scores, length of postanesthesia care unit stay, or analgesic requirements. Furthermore, neither unilateral versus bilateral repair nor operative time affected the measured parameters. The addition of 60 mL of 0.125% bupivacaine into the preperitoneal fascial plane during extraperitoneal laparoscopic hernia repair did not significantly alter pain scores, supplementary analgesic requirements, or recovery room length of stay. Implications: The placement of 60 mL of 0.125% bupivacaine into the preperitoneal fascial plane during extraperitoneal laparoscopic hernia repair did not significantly alter pain scores, supplementary analgesic requirements, or recovery room length of stay.