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Low central venous pressure with milrinone during living donor hepatectomy.

Author(s): Ryu HG, Nahm FS, Sohn HM, Jeong EJ, Jung CW

Affiliation(s): Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.

Publication date & source: 2010-04, Am J Transplant., 10(4):877-82.

Publication type: Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

Maintaining a low central venous pressure (CVP) has been frequently used in liver resections to reduce blood loss. However, decreased preload carries potential risks such as hemodynamic instability. We hypothesized that a low CVP with milrinone would provide a better surgical environment and hemodynamic stability during living donor hepatectomy. Thirty-eight healthy adult liver donors were randomized to receive either milrinone (milrinone group, n = 19) or normal saline (control group, n = 19) infusion during liver resection. The surgical field was assessed using a four-point scale. Intraoperative vital signs, blood loss, the use of vasopressors and diuretics and postoperative laboratory data were compared between groups. The milrinone group showed a superior surgical field (p < 0.001) and less blood loss (142 +/- 129 mL vs. 378 +/- 167 mL, p < 0.001). Vital signs were well maintained in both groups but the milrinone group required smaller amounts of vasopressors and less-frequent diuretics to maintain a low CVP. The milrinone group also showed a more rapid recovery pattern after surgery. Milrinone-induced low CVP improves the surgical field with less blood loss during living donor hepatectomy and also has favorable effects on intraoperative hemodynamics and postoperative recovery.

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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