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Tigecycline population pharmacokinetics in patients with community- or hospital-acquired pneumonia.

Author(s): Rubino CM, Forrest A, Bhavnani SM, Dukart G, Cooper A, Korth-Bradley J, Ambrose PG

Affiliation(s): Institute for Clinical Pharmacodynamics, 43 British American Blvd., Latham, NY 12110, USA. CRubino@ICPD.com

Publication date & source: 2010-12, Antimicrob Agents Chemother., 54(12):5180-6. Epub 2010 Oct 4.

Publication type: Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

Tigecycline is a new-generation of tetracycline (glycylcyclines) and is active in vitro against bacteria that possess any of the classical genes that confer tetracycline resistance through ribosomal protection or efflux pumps. Herein, tigecycline disposition in patients with community- or hospital-acquired pneumonia was described using a population pharmacokinetic model. Additionally, the influence of covariates, such as body surface area, severity of illness, and clinical laboratory measures, on tigecycline disposition was evaluated. An intravenous loading dose of 100 mg was followed by 50 mg of tigecycline every 12 h. The final population pharmacokinetic model was a two-compartment model with linear elimination and with a relationship between tigecycline clearance and body surface area and creatinine clearance. The model was parameterized using total clearance (CL), the volume of the central compartment, distributional clearance from the central to the peripheral compartment, and volumes of distribution at steady state. Relationships between body surface area and creatinine clearance were identified as significant predictors of interindividual variability on CL. This model will serve as the basis for estimating tigecycline exposure for pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic analyses for efficacy and safety among patients with community- or hospital-acquired pneumonia.

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