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D-cycloserine adjuvant therapy to molindone in the treatment of schizophrenia.

Author(s): Rosse RB, Fay-McCarthy M, Kendrick K, Davis RE, Deutsch SI

Affiliation(s): Psychiatry Service, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, D.C. 20422, USA.

Publication date & source: 1996-10, Clin Neuropharmacol., 19(5):444-50.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

This preliminary investigation examined the therapeutic efficacy of two doses of oral D-cycloserine (5 and 15 mg p.o. b.i.d.) administered as an adjuvant to molindone (150 mg p.o. q.d.) in the treatment of schizophrenia. D-Cycloserine is an agonist at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subclass of glutamate receptor complex. An NMDA agonist intervention was studied because of the schizophreniform psychosis precipitated by phencyclidine (PCP), which is a noncompetitive antagonist at the NMDA glutamate receptor. The PCP model of schizophrenia is regarded as the most comprehensive pharmacological model of this disorder. In this preliminary, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel-group study, the measures of treatment efficacy were the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, Schedule for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms, and Clinical Global Impression Scale. The final scores for each item of the outcome measures employed were based on the consensus of at least two trained raters who were present during each rating interview. In the 13 subjects evaluated, although the D-cycloserine was well tolerated, neither dose seemed to possess adjuvant therapeutic efficacy. However, since another recent report of nine patients with schizophrenia treated for 2 weeks with a slightly higher dose of D-cycloserine (50 mg/day) described significant clinical and neuropsychological improvement, further study of the adjuvant potential of slightly higher doses of D-cycloserine seems warranted. Additionally, there might be a therapeutic window for D-cycloserine dosing, as daily doses of 250 mg have been associated with symptom worsening.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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