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Spironolactone improves diastolic function in the elderly.

Author(s): Roongsritong C, Sutthiwan P, Bradley J, Simoni J, Power S, Meyerrose GE

Affiliation(s): Division of Cardiology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX 79430-9410, USA. chanwit.roongsritong@ttuhsc.edu

Publication date & source: 2005-10, Clin Cardiol., 28(10):484-7.

BACKGROUND: Diastolic dysfunction is common in the elderly. Increased myocardial fibrosis, a major determinant of diastolic function, has been observed with advancing age. Spironolactone prevents age-related increases in myocardial fibrosis in old normotensive rats. HYPOTHESIS: Spironolactone, via its antifibrotic activity, can improve diastolic function in the elderly with isolated diastolic dysfunction. METHODS: The study was a prospective, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Thirty elderly subjects between 60 and 85 years of age with isolated diastolic dysfunction and no contraindications for spironolactone were randomized to 25 mg/day of spironolactone or placebo for 4 months. Mitral E/A and deceleration time, plasma levels of carboxy-terminal of procollagen type I (PICP), and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were measured at baseline and at the end of 4 months. Plasma level of potassium was also monitored to prevent clinically significant hyperkalemia. RESULTS: There was no serious adverse event or clinically significant hyperkalemia in the spironolactone group. Compared with baseline values, spironolactone significantly improved mitral E/A ratio (0.71 +/- 0.08 vs. 0.84 +/- 0.19, p = 0.025) and deceleration time (285.5 +/- 73.1 vs. 230.0 +/- 54.7, p = 0.035). There were no significant differences in the magnitude of change in the levels of PICP and BNP between the two treatment groups. CONCLUSION: Spironolactone may improve diastolic function in the elderly.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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