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Suppression of gastric acid with intravenous esomeprazole and omeprazole: results of 3 studies in healthy subjects.

Author(s): Rohss K, Wilder-Smith C, Kilhamn J, Fjellman M, Lind T

Affiliation(s): AstraZeneca R&D, Molndal, Sweden. Kerstin.Rohss@astrazeneca.com

Publication date & source: 2007-06, Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther., 45(6):345-54.

Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

OBJECTIVE: To identify the optimal pharmacodynamic dosing regimen for esomeprazole administered intravenously (i.v.) and to compare acid suppression with various esomeprazole i.v. and omeprazole i.v. dosing regimens. METHODS: A total of 90 healthy Helicobacter pylori-negative subjects participated in three randomized, crossover studies of esomeprazole i.v. Comparative acid output study: an open-label study that compared single 40 mg i.v. doses (administered over 30 min) of esomeprazole and omeprazole. Dose-ranging study: an open-label study that compared acid control with five different doses of esomeprazole i.v., administered over 24 h. Comparative pH study: a double-blind study that compared esomeprazole i.v. and omeprazole at doses of 80 mg (over 30 min) + 8 mg/h (for 23.5 h). RESULTS: In the comparative acid output study, estimated mean pentagastrin-stimulated acid output was reduced from 33.9 mmol/h at baseline to 5.4 mmol/h at 4 - 5.5 h with esomeprazole vs. 9.5 mmol/h with omeprazole (p < 0.001). In the dose-ranging study, the 80 + 8 mg/h regimen provided a greater mean time with pH > 6 (12.6 h) than the lower doses (11.0 and 10.7 h for 40 + 8 mg/h and 80 + 4 mg/h, respectively) and significantly more time with pH > 4 (21.5 vs. 19.7 and 19.2 h, respectively; p < 0.05). In the comparative pH study, the mean number of h with pH > 4 was similar between esomeprazole (21.4 h) and omeprazole (21.1 h). CONCLUSIONS: Esomeprazole was superior to omeprazole in reducing stimulated acid secretion. Control of intragastric pH was similar for esomeprazole and omeprazole at a dose of 80 + 8 mg/h. An esomeprazole i.v. dosage regimen of 80 + 8 mg/h appeared to be optimal for acid suppression in healthy subjects under study.

Page last updated: 2007-08-04

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