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Evaluation of the anxiolytic-like effects of clomipramine in two rat strains with different anxiety vulnerability (Wistar and Wistar-Kyoto rats): participation of 5-HT1A receptors.

Author(s): Rogel-Salazar G, Lopez-Rubalcava C

Affiliation(s): Departamento de Farmacobiologia, CINVESTAV- IPN, Calzada de los Tenorios, Col. Granjas Coapa, Mexico, D.F. Mexico.

Publication date & source: 2011-04, Behav Pharmacol., 22(2):136-46.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

The main aim of this study was to evaluate the anxiolytic-like effects of the serotonergic antidepressant, clomipramine (0.6-5.0 mg/kg), and the 5-HT1A agonist, (+/-)8-hydroxy-2-(di-n)-propil-aminotetraline hydrobromide (8-OH-DPAT; 0.01-0.5 mg/kg), in two strains of rat with different anxiety vulnerability: Wistar-Kyoto (WKY; with trait anxiety) and Wistar rats (control strain). The anxiety model used was the burying behavior test; decreases in burying, grooming of the snout, and freezing were interpreted as a reduction of anxiety-like levels. A second objective was to explore the participation of 5-HT1A receptors in the effects of clomipramine and 8-OH-DPAT. Behavior in the burying behavior test was strain dependent. In addition to the burying behavior, WKY rats showed high levels of freezing and grooming of the snout. Clomipramine and 8-OH-DPAT decreased the burying behavior in both strains of rats through a direct interaction with the 5-HT1A receptor. 8-OH-DPAT decreased freezing behavior in both strains through a mechanism that was not related to 5-HT1A receptors. Finally, clomipramine was able to block freezing and grooming behaviors only in WKY rats. In conclusion, strains with different anxiety vulnerability express different behavioral responses toward the same aversive stimulus, and the anxiolytic-like effects of clomipramine and 8-OH-DPAT are both behavior and strain dependent.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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