Improved speed and stability of ST-segment recovery with reduced-dose tenecteplase and eptifibatide compared with full-dose tenecteplase for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.
Author(s): Roe MT, Green CL, Giugliano RP, Gibson CM, Baran K, Greenberg M, Palmeri ST, Crater S, Trollinger K, Hannan K, Harrington RA, Krucoff MW, INTEGRITI Investigators
Affiliation(s): Duke Clinical Research Institute and Division of Cardiology, Duke Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27715, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2004-02-18, J Am Coll Cardiol., 43(4):549-56.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
OBJECTIVES: This sub-study of the Integrilin and Tenecteplase in Acute Myocardial Infarction (INTEGRITI) trial evaluated of the impact of combination reperfusion therapy with reduced-dose tenecteplase plus eptifibatide on continuous ST-segment recovery and angiographic results. BACKGROUND: Combination therapy with reduced-dose fibrinolytics and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction improves biomarkers of reperfusion success but has not reduced mortality when compared with full-dose fibrinolytics. METHODS: We evaluated 140 patients enrolled in the INTEGRITI trial with 24-h continuous 12-lead ST-segment monitoring and angiography at 60 min. The dose-combination regimen of 50% of standard-dose tenecteplase (0.27 microg/kg) plus high-dose eptifibatide (2 boluses of 180 microg/kg separated by 10 min, 2.0 microg/kg/min infusion) was compared with full-dose tenecteplase (0.53 microg/kg). RESULTS: The dose-confirmation regimen of reduced-dose tenecteplase plus high-dose eptifibatide was associated with a faster median time to stable ST-segment recovery (55 vs. 98 min, p = 0.06), improved stable ST-segment recovery by 2 h (89.6% vs. 67.7%, p = 0.02), and less recurrent ischemia (34.0% vs. 57.1%, p = 0.05) when compared with full-dose tenecteplase. Continuously updated ST-segment recovery analyses demonstrated a modest trend toward greater ST-segment recovery at 30 min (57.7% vs. 40.6%, p = 0.13) and 60 min (82.7% vs. 65.6%, p = 0.08) with this regimen. These findings correlated with improved angiographic results at 60 min. CONCLUSIONS: Combination therapy with reduced-dose tenecteplase and eptifibatide leads to faster, more stable ST-segment recovery and improved angiographic flow patterns, compared with full-dose tenecteplase. These findings question the relationship between biomarkers of reperfusion success and clinical outcomes.