Albuterol nebulized in heliox in the initial ED treatment of pediatric asthma: a blinded, randomized controlled trial.
Author(s): Rivera ML, Kim TY, Stewart GM, Minasyan L, Brown L
Affiliation(s): Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan and Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, 48201, USA.
Publication date & source: 2006-01, Am J Emerg Med., 24(1):38-42.
OBJECTIVE: A prospective blinded, randomized controlled trial was undertaken to compare the initial response of albuterol nebulized in heliox or control in the treatment of moderately severe asthma in children presenting to a pediatric ED. METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive heliox (n = 20) or control (n = 21). The primary outcome was to compare a modified dyspnea index score at 10 and 20 minutes after randomization. Secondary outcomes were to determine if heliox decreased admission rates or endotracheal intubation. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference found at 10 or 20 minutes after randomization with heliox (P = .169 and P = .062, respectively). No statistical difference in admission rate was found, and no patients required endotracheal intubation in either group. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that albuterol nebulized with heliox offered no clinical benefit over standard therapy in the initial treatment of moderately severe asthma in the ED.