Efficacy of sub-antimicrobial dose doxycycline in post-menopausal women: clinical outcomes.
Author(s): Reinhardt RA, Stoner JA, Golub LM, Wolff MS, Lee HM, Meinberg TA, Lynch JC, Ryan ME, Sorsa T, Payne JB
Affiliation(s): Department of Surgical Specialties, University of Nebraska Medical Center College of Dentistry, Lincoln, NE 68583-0740, USA. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2007-09, J Clin Periodontol., 34(9):768-75.
Publication type: Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
AIMS: To determine the clinical efficacy of a 2-year continuous sub-antimicrobial dose doxycycline (SDD; 20 mg bid) in post-menopausal, osteopenic, oestrogen-deficient women on periodontal maintenance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred and twenty-eight subjects were randomized to SDD (n=64) or placebo (n=64). Clinical measurements were performed at posterior interproximal sites at baseline and every 6 months during this 2-year randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial with adjunctive, no-cost 3-4-month periodontal maintenance. Statistical analyses of secondary outcomes from this clinical trial used Generalized Estimating Equations in primarily intent-to-treat analyses. RESULTS: For the placebo group, 3.4% of the sites showed improvement in clinical attachment levels (CAL) and 2.7% had progressive loss in CAL; for the SDD group, 5.0% of the sites showed an improvement in CAL and 2.2% had progressive loss in CAL. This difference (2.1% of sites) was more favourable in the SDD group than in the placebo [odds ratio (OR)=0.81%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.67-0.97, p=0.03] in these well-maintained patients, whereas probing depths, bleeding on probing and supragingival plaque did not differ significantly between groups (p>0.2). However, in exploratory subgroup analysis of non-smokers, SDD showed reduced bleeding versus placebo (27%versus 33%; p=0.05). In protocol-adherent subjects, the odds of bleeding were 34% lower for SDD (p=0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Analyses of secondary outcomes of this clinical trial indicated that SDD may be of benefit in reducing progressive attachment loss in post-menopausal females; additional research is needed to confirm these findings. Protocol registered at (ClinicalTrials.gov). Identifier:NCT00066027.