DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Pharmacokinetics and dose recommendations of Niaspan(R) in chronic kidney disease and dialysis patients.

Author(s): Reiche I, Westphal S, Martens-Lobenhoffer J, Troger U, Luley C, Bode-Boger SM

Affiliation(s): Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, Leipziger Str. 44, Magdeburg, Germany.

Publication date & source: 2011-01, Nephrol Dial Transplant., 26(1):276-82. Epub 2010 Jun 17.

BACKGROUND: Niaspan(R) is an extended-release formulation of nicotinic acid with improved tolerability compared with the immediate-release and sustained-release formulations. It is used to treat hypertriglyceridaemia with low high-density lipoprotein levels. This type of dyslipidaemia frequently appears in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Dose recommendations for these patients are not available because pharmacokinetic data are missing. The present study was performed to analyse the pharmacokinetics of prolonged-release nicotinic acid in CKD and in dialysis patients to derive dose recommendations. METHODS: Ten dialysis patients and eight patients with CKD were enrolled in a prospective, three-period, open-label pharmacokinetic study. They received in the first week 500 mg Niaspan(R) per day, in the second week 1000 mg/day and in the third week 1500 mg/day. On the fourth day of every treatment unit, 11 plasma samples were collected for 24 h post-dose and analysed for nicotinic acid (NA) and its metabolites nicotinamide and nicotinuric acid (NUA). RESULTS: Median plasma NA concentrations in subjects with CKD were obviously higher than in dialysis patients, but not higher than reported in patients without renal impairment. t(max) of NA were on average 0.75 h in dialysis patients and 3.0 h in CKD patients and, therefore, especially for dialysis patients, clearly shorter than expected for extended-release formulations. It is particularly noticeable that the AUC, C(max) and t(1/2) of the metabolite NUA are significantly higher in dialysis patients in comparison to CKD patients. This may indicate that the dialysis was not effective in removing this metabolite. However, there was no correlation between the incidence of flush and the concentration of NUA. Another possibility could be a drug-drug interaction with omeprazole via CYP450 enzymes. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that no dose adjustment of Niaspan(R) is necessary in patients with renal impairment. Despite an extended-release formulation of NA, we could not detect a delay in t(max) especially in dialysis patients. We found no correlation between the incidence of flush and the NUA concentration. Furthermore, there were hints of an interaction with omeprazole.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017