A randomized, open-label, multicenter trial comparing once-a-day AVINZA (morphine sulfate extended-release capsules) versus twice-a-day OxyContin (oxycodone hydrochloride controlled-release tablets) for the treatment of chronic, moderate to severe low back pain: improved physical functioning in the ACTION trial.
Author(s): Rauck RL, Bookbinder SA, Bunker TR, Alftine CD, Gershon S, de Jong E, Negro-Vilar A, Ghalie R
Affiliation(s): Carolinas Pain Institute, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA.
Publication date & source: 2007-01, J Opioid Manag., 3(1):35-43.
Publication type: Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
This multicenter trial compared the efficacy, safety, and effect on quality of life and work limitation of once-daily extended-release morphine sulfate capsules (AVINZA, A-MQD) and twice-daily controlled-release oxycodone HCI tablets (OxyContin, O-ER) in subjects with chronic, moderate to severe low back pain. After randomization and a period of opioid dose titration, subjects (n=266) underwent an eight-week evaluation phase and an optionalf our-month extension phase (n=174 in extension phase). Subjects were assessed using the 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) and the Work Limitations Questionnaire (WLQ). In both groups, significant improvements were observed in the SF-12 mean scores forp hysicalf unctioning (p < 0.001), role physical (p < 0.0001), bodilyp ain (p < 0.0001), physical summary (p < 0.001), and mental component summary (p < 0.005). At the end of the titration period, greater relative improvements from baseline were seen in the SF-12 section on physical components in the A-MQD group versus the O-ER group, with significant differences observed for physical functioning (p = 0.0374), role physical (p = 0.0341), bodily pain (p = 0.0001), andp hysical summary (p = 0.0022). In both groups, SF-12 mean scores improved significantly for mental health (p < 0.01), role emotional (p < 0.01), socialfunctioning (p < 0.0005), vitality (p < 0.005), and the mental component summary (p < 0.005), but no significant differences were noted between the two groups. Both groups reported improvement from baseline in WLQ physical demands scores, with no significant differences noted between the two groups. At the end of the evaluation phase, fewer subjects were unable to work due to illness or treatment in the A-MQD group than in the O-ER group (8.5 percent versus 19.4 percent, respectively; p = 0.0149). In conclusion, compared to twice-daily OxyContin, once-daily A VINZA resulted in significantly better and earlier improvement ofp hysicalf unction and ability to work.