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The effect of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) on the growth of dermatophytes.

Author(s): Randhawa MA

Affiliation(s): Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Publication date & source: 2006, Nippon Ishinkin Gakkai Zasshi., 47(4):313-8.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO) is frequently used as a solvent for antifungal drugs in various studies to determine their MICs. Reports on comparative evaluation of methods for the susceptibility testing of antifungal drugs have shown there is poor agreement among methods. Besides other factors which could cause variability in the results, one important factor might be the effect of DMSO on the growth of fungi. The effect of DMSO on the growth of some species of Candida has been reported in the literature. The present study aimed at determination of the effect of different concentrations of DMSO (0.125 to 10%) on the growth of dermatophytes by agar diffusion method. There was no growth of fungi in 10% DMSO, between 1.25 and 5% there was a rather linear dose-related inhibitory effect on the growth, significantly different from the controls, and below 1% there was a variable effect among the species. DMSO down to 0.25% significantly inhibited the growth of most strains of M. canis. The lower concentrations of DMSO, which apparently do not affect the growth of fungi, may potentiate the effect of antifungal drugs.

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