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No clinically significant effect of erythromycin or azithromycin on the pharmacokinetics of voriconazole in healthy male volunteers.

Author(s): Purkins L, Wood N, Ghahramani P, Kleinermans D, Layton G, Nichols D

Affiliation(s): Pfizer Global Research and Development, Sandwich, Kent CT13 9NJ, UK.

Publication date & source: 2003-12, Br J Clin Pharmacol., 56 Suppl 1:30-6.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

AIMS: The antibiotic erythromycin is a potent inhibitor of cytochrome P450 CYP3A4 metabolism. As CYP isozymes, including CYP3A4, are involved in the metabolism of the new triazole voriconazole, this study investigated the effects of multiple-dose erythromycin or azithromycin on the steady-state pharmacokinetics of voriconazole in healthy male subjects. METHODS: In an open, randomized, parallel-group, single-centre study, 30 healthy male subjects aged 20-41 years received oral voriconazole 200 mg twice daily for 14 days plus either erythromycin (1 g twice daily on days 8-14), azithromycin (500 mg once daily on days 12-14) or placebo (twice daily on days 8-14). Only morning doses were administered on day 14. Plasma concentrations of voriconazole were measured up to 12 h postdose on days 7 and 14, and plasma pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated. Adverse events and standard laboratory test results were recorded before and throughout the study. RESULTS: Comparison of the voriconazole Cmax day 14/day 7 ratio for the voriconazole + erythromycin group with that of the voriconazole + placebo group yielded a ratio of 107.7%[90% confidence interval (CI) 90.6, 128.0]; for the voriconazole + azithromycin group, the ratio was 117.5% (90% CI 98.8, 139.7). Comparison of the voriconazole AUCtau day 14/day 7 ratios of the voriconazole + erythromycin and voriconazole + azithromycin groups with that of the voriconazole + placebo group showed ratios of 101.2% (90% CI 89.1, 114.8) and 107.9% (90% CI 95.1, 122.4), respectively. For voriconazole tmax, the differences between the day 14-day 7 calculations for the voriconazole + erythromycin or the voriconazole + azithromycin groups and that of the voriconazole + placebo group were - 0.2 h (90% CI - 0.8, 0.3) and - 0.1 h (90% CI - 0.7, 0.5), respectively. None of these changes was considered clinically relevant. The study drugs were well tolerated by subjects in all groups; the most common study drug-related adverse events were visual disturbances, reported in all groups, and abdominal pain, present in the voriconazole + erythromycin group. CONCLUSIONS: Coadministration of erythromycin or azithromycin does not affect the steady-state pharmacokinetics of voriconazole in a clinically relevant manner in healthy male subjects.

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