Comparison of duloxetine, escitalopram, and sertraline effects on cytochrome P450 2D6 function in healthy volunteers.
Author(s): Preskorn SH, Greenblatt DJ, Flockhart D, Luo Y, Perloff ES, Harmatz JS, Baker B, Klick-Davis A, Desta Z, Burt T
Affiliation(s): Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Kansas School of Medicine, KS 67207, USA. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2007-02, J Clin Psychopharmacol., 27(1):28-34.
Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
This study is the first to directly compare the relative effects of duloxetine, escitalopram, and sertraline on the functional activity of the drug-metabolizing cytochrome P450 2D6 enzyme as assessed by changes in the pharmacokinetics of the cytochrome P450 2D6 model substrate drug, metoprolol. Single-dose pharmacokinetics of metoprolol were measured before and after 17 days of treatment with escitalopram 20 mg/d, duloxetine 60 mg/d, or sertraline 100 mg/d in young healthy male and female participants. The outcome measures were changes in metoprolol peak plasma levels, area under the plasma concentration-time curve, and clearance. The results were tested using paired t tests and independent t tests. The addition of each drug produced statistically significant changes in metoprolol pharmacokinetics. The rank order for the change in metoprolol area under the plasma concentration-time curve was duloxetine (180%) > escitalopram (89%) > sertraline (48% and 67%). Compared with sertraline, duloxetine produced statistically significantly larger changes in metoprolol pharmacokinetic parameters. The changes produced by escitalopram and sertraline were not statistically different.