Low rate of adverse hepatic events associated with fosamprenavir/ritonavir-based antiretroviral regimens.
Author(s): Pineda JA, Perez-Elias MJ, Pena JM, Luque I, Rodriguez-Alcantara F, Fosamprenavir Expanded Access Program Group
Affiliation(s): Unit of Infectious Diseases, Hospital Universitario de Valme, Sevilla, Spain. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2008-09, HIV Clin Trials., 9(5):309-13.
Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
PURPOSE: To appraise the incidence of liver toxicity in a population of patients receiving fosamprenavir/ritonavir (FPV/r) with a high frequency of viral hepatitis co-infection. METHOD: 636 patients, 341 (54%) with HCV antibodies and 38 (5.6%) bearing serum HBsAg, were recruited. All of them received FPV/r 700/100 twice every day. 93 (27%) patients who tested positive for HCV antibodies showed an AST to platelet ratio index (APRI) higher than 1.5, consistent with significant liver fibrosis. RESULTS: After a median (range) follow-up time of 6.91 (0.46-20.66) months, 3 (0.47%) patients developed grade 3 ALT elevation. All the former patients were hepatitis virus co-infected, 2 with hepatitis C virus and 1 with hepatitis B virus. The frequency of grade 3 ALT elevation in patients with HCV antibodies was 0.58% and in those harbouring HBsAg it was 2.63%. 4 (0.62%) patients suffered from a liver decompensation and 1 died due to a hepatic cause while on follow-up. No patients with APRI equal to or higher than 1.5 showed grade 3 ALT elevation. CONCLUSION: The incidence of adverse hepatic events in patients receiving FPV/r including combinations seems to be low, even in subjects co-infected with hepatitis virus and in those with significant liver fibrosis.