DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Time-, schedule-, and reinforcer-dependent effects of pimozide and amphetamine.

Author(s): Phillips G, Willner P, Sampson D, Nunn J, Muscat R

Affiliation(s): Psychology Department, City of London Polytechnic, UK.

Publication date & source: 1991, Psychopharmacology (Berl)., 104(1):125-31.

Rats performed on two multiple random-interval schedules, in which sequences of ascending or descending reinforcement densities were balanced between the schedules and between the two halves of the session. Using a standard reinforcer (10% sucrose pellets), pimozide decreased response rates, while amphetamine increased responding. The effects of both drugs were schedule dependent: larger changes were evident in low response rate, reinforcement-lean components than in high response rate, reinforcement-rich components. Both effects were also time dependent, increasing over the course of the session; this casts serious doubt on the applicability of Herrnstein's matching law for studying agents acting on brain dopamine. Increasing the period of food deprivation increased response rates, while withdrawing food deprivation decreased responding. These effects were also schedule dependent, but were time dependent. Substituting 95% sucrose pellets for standard 10% sucrose pellets caused an immediate and sustained decrease in responding, and up to 10% of earned reinforcement was not consumed. Pimozide increased response rates within reinforcement-lean components and reinstated the complete consumption of earned reward typical of standard reinforcement. These apparently paradoxical effects may be consistent with a decrease in the rewarding properties of sucrose pellets. Despite low response rates, amphetamine did not affect responding maintained by 95% sucrose pellets but did further reduce the consumption of earned reward. These results call into question the generality of the rate-dependency principle in the action of psychomotor stimulants.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017