DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Hyperglycemia attenuates erythromycin-induced acceleration of liquid-phase gastric emptying of hypertonic liquids in healthy subjects.

Author(s): Petrakis IE, Kogerakis N, Prokopakis G, Zacharioudakis G, Antonakakis S, Vrachassotakis N, Chalkiadakis G

Affiliation(s): Department of General Surgery, University of Crete, University General Hospital, Herakleion, Greece.

Publication date & source: 2002-01, Dig Dis Sci., 47(1):67-72.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

Acute hyperglycemia has been associated with delayed gastric emptying in healthy controls. Erythromycin has recently been found to be a gastrointestinal prokinetic agent in both solids and hypertonic liquids. Our aim was to examine whether the acute steady-state hyperglycemia reduces the erythromycin-induced acceleration of gastric emptying of hypertonic liquids after a fasted state of the stomach in healthy subjects. In 12 healthy subjects scintigraphic measurement of gastric emptying of a hypertonic radiolabeled liquid meal, during normoglycemia (5-8.9 mmol/l glucose) or induced hyperglycemia (16-19 mmol/liter glucose) by intravenous glucose infusion after giving either placebo or 200 mg intravenous erythromycin, was performed on four separate days in random order. In the hyperglycemic state compared with normoglycemia, either after placebo administration or erythromycin, the gastric emptying of the hypertonic liquid was reduced. The lag-phase duration was significantly increased (17.5 +/- 5.5 min, and 7.2 +/- 4.5 min vs 10.5 +/- 3.4 min, and 3.5 +/- 2.5 min, respectively, P < 0.0001) as were the overall T1/2 (gastric emptying time of the half meal) (52.5 +/- 13 min and 24.5 +/- 5.5 min vs 42 +/- 10.5 min, and 16 +/- 6 min, respectively, P < 0.0001) and the percentage of liquid meal retained in the stomach at 60 and 100 min postprandially (P < 0.001). In conclusion, hyperglycaemia attenuates the acceleration effect of erythromycin and decreases the overall gastric emptying rate of hypertonic liquids in healthy subjects.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017