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The effect of terbutaline on the absorption of pulmonary administered insulin in subjects with asthma.

Author(s): Petersen AH, Korsatko S, Kohler G, Wutte A, Olschewski H, Sparre T, Rastam J, Wollmer P, Pieber TR

Affiliation(s): Medical University of Graz, Austria.

Publication date & source: 2010-03, Br J Clin Pharmacol., 69(3):271-8.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

AIM: To investigate the effect of prior administration of a bronchodilator on the absorption of inhaled insulin in people with asthma treated with inhaled corticosteroids. METHODS: A single-centre, randomized, open-label, two-period cross-over trial was carried out in 41 nondiabetic subjects with asthma treated with inhaled steroids, with reversible bronchoconstriction (Rev+; n= 25) or without reversible bronchoconstriction (Rev-; n= 16). A dose of 0.10 U kg(-1) inhaled human insulin was administered on each dosing day with or without prior administration of the bronchodilator terbutaline (in random order). RESULTS: Prior administration of terbutaline led to a 44% increase in absorption of insulin over 6 h for the Rev+ group compared with no prior administration of bronchodilator [ratio (95% confidence interval) 1.44 (1.13, 1.82), P= 0.004], whereas no effect was seen for the Rev- or the whole group. The maximum insulin concentration (C(max)) increased by 34% for the Rev+ group (P = 0.018) and 17% for the whole group (P= 0.046), whereas no significant effect of prior terbutaline administration was seen for Rev-. The time to C(max) was not significantly different for the Rev+ group, whereas it was approximately 30% longer after bronchodilator administration for the Rev- group (P= 0.044) and the whole group (P= 0.032). CONCLUSIONS: In people with asthma and reversible bronchoconstriction, the administration of a bronchodilator prior to administration of inhaled insulin led to increased absorption of insulin, whereas no effect on insulin absorption in subjects without significant reversibility could be detected.

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