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Clinical and radiographic evaluation of pulpotomies employing calcium hydroxide and trioxide mineral aggregate.

Author(s): Percinoto C, de Castro AM, Pinto LM

Affiliation(s): Department of Social and Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry of Aracatuba, Paulista State University (UNESP), Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Publication date & source: 2006-07, Gen Dent., 54(4):258-61.

Publication type: Controlled Clinical Trial

This study utilized clinical and radiographic examinations to compare the effectiveness of calcium hydroxide paste and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) for pulpotomies of primary molars in children. Ninety primary molars that showed clinical and radiographic indications for pulpotomy treatment were selected. The pulpotomies were performed in two sessions, using a corticosteroid/antibiotic solution as therapeutic dressing. The sample was divided into two groups of 45 teeth, in which the pulpal remains were protected with either calcium hydroxide paste (Group 1) or MTA (Group 2). Radiographs were taken immediately and at 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up appointments. Three teeth in Group 1 failed after three months, while two cases failed after six months and one more failed at one year. Two failures were found in Group 2 at the 12-month follow-up. These results indicate that both materials may be utilized for pulpotomies in primary teeth.

Page last updated: 2006-11-04

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