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Tacrolimus pharmacokinetic drug interactions: effect of prednisone, mycophenolic acid or sirolimus.

Author(s): Park SI, Felipe CR, Pinheiro-Machado PG, Garcia R, Fernandes FB, Casarini DE, Tedesco-Silva H Jr, Medina-Pestana JO

Affiliation(s): Nephrology Division, Hospital do Rim e Hipertensao, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Publication date & source: 2009-02, Fundam Clin Pharmacol., 23(1):137-45.

Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

This study was conducted to evaluate time-dependent pharmacokinetic changes and drug interactions over the first 6 months after transplantation in kidney transplant recipients receiving tacrolimus (TAC), prednisone (PRED) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) or sirolimus (SRL). Pharmacokinetic assessments were carried out at day 7 and months 1, 3, and 6 in kidney transplant recipients receiving TAC plus PRED with either MMF (2 g/day, n = 13) or SRL (15 mg loading dose, 5 mg for 7 days followed by 2 mg/day, n = 12). There were no differences in the main demographic characteristics or in mean PRED doses during the first 6 months after transplant. From day 7 to month 6, there was a 65% increase in TAC dose corrected exposure (dose corrected area under the curve; AUC) in patients receiving MMF (P = 0.005) and a 59% increase in TAC dose corrected exposure in patients receiving SRL (P = 0.008). From day 7 to month 6, there was a 72% increase in mycophenolate dose corrected exposure (P = 0.001) and a 65% increase in SRL dose corrected exposure (P = 0.008). TAC dose corrected exposure was 23% lower in patients receiving SRL compared with MMF (P = 0.012) on average over the study period. PRED dose reduction was associated with increase in TAC (in patients receiving SRL, P = 0.040) and mycophenolic acid (MPA) (P = 0.070) drug exposures. Tercile distribution of TAC drug exposure showed a positive correlation with mean SRL exposures (P = 0.016). Conversely, tercile distribution of SRL drug exposure showed a positive correlation with mean TAC exposures (P = 0.004). Time-dependent increases in TAC, MPA and SRL drug exposures occur up to 6 months after transplantation. Drug-to-drug interactions indicate that intense therapeutic drug monitoring is required to avoid under- or over-immunosuppression.

Page last updated: 2009-10-20

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