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Effect of concomitant hormone replacement therapy containing estradiol and levonorgestrel on the pharmacokinetics of selegiline.

Author(s): Palovaara S, Anttila M, Nyman L, Laine K

Affiliation(s): The Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacology, University of Turku, Pharmacity, It. Pitkakatu 4, 20510 Turku, Finland.

Publication date & source: 2002-07, Eur J Clin Pharmacol., 58(4):259-63. Epub 2002 May 22.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of hormone-replacement therapy (HRT) on the pharmacokinetics of the selective monoamine oxidase B inhibitor selegiline and its primary metabolites desmethylselegiline and l-metamphetamine. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, cross-over trial, 12 healthy female subjects received once daily for 10 days either HRT containing 2 mg estradiol valerate and 250 microg levonorgestrel or matched placebo. On day 10, they took a single 10-mg oral dose of selegiline. The serum concentrations of selegiline, desmethylselegiline and metamphetamine were measured for 32 h. RESULTS: There was a 59% difference ( P=0.14) in the area under the serum concentration-time curve (AUC) of selegiline during the HRT compared with the placebo phase, but only a little or no concomitant reduction in the AUC of desmethylselegiline (-7%, P=0.071) or metamphetamine (2%, P=0.614) was observed. Maximum plasma concentration (C(max)) of selegiline was not changed, but a small, statistically significant, reduction in the C(max) of desmethylselegiline (-17%, P=0.03) was seen during the HRT phase. The C(max) of methamphetamine was slightly but not significantly reduced (-5%, P=0.06). The unchanged AUC ratios of desmethylselegiline/selegiline and metamphetamine/selegiline indicate that the primary metabolism of selegiline was not affected by HRT. All study treatments were well tolerated. CONCLUSION: Unlike oral contraceptives, HRT is not likely to have clinically significant pharmacokinetic interaction with selegiline.

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