Efficacy and safety of adalimumab in patients with psoriasis previously treated with anti-tumour necrosis factor agents: subanalysis of BELIEVE.
Author(s): Ortonne JP, Chimenti S, Reich K, Gniadecki R, Sprogel P, Unnebrink K, Kupper H, Goldblum O, Thaci D
Affiliation(s): Department of Dermatology, University of Nice, Nice, France. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2011-09, J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol., 25(9):1012-20. Epub 2011 Jan 9.
Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
BACKGROUND: Few large clinical studies have evaluated whether switching tumour necrosis factor antagonists (anti-TNFs) is likely to improve psoriasis in patients with prior anti-TNF treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this subanalysis of the BELIEVE study was to assess the efficacy and safety of adalimumab for psoriasis in patients with and without previous anti-TNF treatment. METHODS: The BELIEVE study enrolled patients with moderate to severe psoriasis and prior failure, intolerance or contraindication to >/=2 systemic therapies. In this 16-week, double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, patients received adalimumab (80 mg, week 0; 40 mg every other week, weeks 1-15) with either topical vehicle or topical calcipotriol/betamethasone dipropionate (C/B) applied once daily for 4 weeks, then as needed. The primary endpoint was >/=75% improvement from baseline in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index score (PASI 75) at week 16. This post hoc subanalysis evaluated the safety and efficacy of adalimumab, with and without topical therapy, in BELIEVE patients who had prior exposure to anti-TNFs. RESULTS: Of 730 patients enrolled, 282 (38.6%) had prior anti-TNFs and 448 (61.4%) were anti-TNF-naive. Combining topical vehicle and topical C/B study populations, 61.7% of patients with prior anti-TNFs achieved PASI 75 at week 16, compared with 71.7% of anti-TNF-naive patients (P=0.095). Adalimumab resulted in clinically meaningful improvement regardless of which prior anti-TNF agent had been used, the number of prior anti-TNFs tried, or reasons for discontinuation of prior anti-TNF therapy. Adverse event incidences were similar between patients with and without prior anti-TNF therapy. CONCLUSION: Adalimumab was effective and well-tolerated in patients with psoriasis previously treated with anti-TNF therapy. (c) 2011 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (c) 2011 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.