Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of SPL7013 Gel (VivaGel(R)): A Dose Ranging, Phase I Study.
Author(s): O'loughlin J, Millwood IY, McDonald HM, Price CF, Kaldor JM, Paull JR
Affiliation(s): From the *Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia; daggerNational Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, New South Wales, Australia; double daggerMicrobiology and Infectious Diseases Department, Women and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, Australia; and section signStarpharma Pty Ltd, Melbourne, Australia.
Publication date & source: 2009-10-09, Sex Transm Dis., [Epub ahead of print]
OBJECTIVES:: To evaluate safety, tolerability and systemic pharmacokinetics of escalating doses of SPL7013 Gel in healthy women. DESIGN:: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled dose-escalation trial. METHODS:: Thirty-seven healthy women were randomized to receive 3.5 g of 0.5% (N = 8), 1% (N = 8), or 3% (N = 9) SPL7013 Gel or placebo gel (N = 12), applied vaginally once daily for 7 consecutive days. Genital toxicity was determined by interview, physical examination, assessment of vaginal microflora and colposcopy. Systemic toxicity was determined by nongenital adverse events (AEs) and laboratory assessments. Plasma was collected for pharmacokinetic analysis. RESULTS:: Genital AEs considered potentially product-related were all mild and reported by 5 (20%) women receiving SPL7013 Gel and 2 (17%) women receiving placebo gel. The most common were abdominal pain or discomfort, with no reports of vaginal burning or malodour, or genital-tract pain. There were no clinically significant colposcopic findings, including of genital inflammation or epithelial disruption. Lower concentrations of normal lactobacillary flora occurred during SPL7013 Gel and placebo gel use, with a decrease in anaerobes in the SPL7013 Gel groups. There were no reported cases of bacterial vaginosis, and lactobacilli returned to predose levels in most women after treatment. All nongenital AEs were of mild or moderate severity, expect for a severe tension headache in a woman receiving placebo. There was no absorption of SPL7013 into the systemic circulation. CONCLUSIONS:: SPL7013 Gel applied vaginally once daily for 7 days at concentrations of 0.5% to 3% was safe and well tolerated in healthy, sexually abstinent women, with no evidence of systemic toxicity or absorption.