Effect of isradipine on in-vivo platelet function.
Author(s): O'Grady J, Kritz H, Schmid P, Pirich C, Sinzinger H
Affiliation(s): Wilhelm Auerswald Atherosclerosis Research Group (ASF) Vienna, Austria.
Publication date & source: 1997-06-01, Thromb Res., 86(5):363-71.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial
In animal studies calcium channel blockers (CCB's) and especially isradipine, a second generation dihydropyridine, interrupt the sequence of events culminating in the formation of atherosclerotic lesions. The effect of 4 weeks isradipine treatment (5mg daily) on blood pressure and in-vivo platelet function (measured with 111Indium-oxine labeled autologous platelets) were investigated in a randomized, double-blind and placebo controlled trial in 40 patients with mild to moderate hypertension and scintigraphically diagnosed active atherosclerotic lesions of the carotid arteries. The average supine systolic/diastolic blood pressure was significantly reduced at the end of the treatment period in the isradipine group (group 1; p < 0.0001) but remained unchanged in the placebo group (group P). The heart rate was not significantly altered in either group. There were no serious side effects. The platelet uptake ratio (PUR) measured over the atherosclerotic region of the carotid artery on 4 consecutive days before and after treatment decreased significantly in group I from 1.20 to 1.15 (within groups: p < 0.0001) but remained unchanged in group P. Platelet survival increased significantly in group I (mean 5.70 hours, lower quartile 4.50, upper quartile 4.50 hours, within groups: p < 0.0001) and remained unchanged in group P. Isradipine has a beneficial effect on in-vivo platelet function as evidenced by a decreased platelet deposition on vascular lesion sites and an associated prolonged platelet survival in patients with hypertension and active atherosclerotic lesions.