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Biochemical effects of gestational coexposure to lead and cadmium on reproductive performance, placenta, and ovary.

Author(s): Nampoothiri LP, Gupta S

Affiliation(s): Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, M. S. University of Baroda, Vadodara 390 002, Gujarat, India.

Publication date & source: 2008-09, J Biochem Mol Toxicol., 22(5):337-44.

Adult virgin 4-day cycling synchronized Charles foster females were treated subcutaneously (0.05 mg/kg body wt/day) with sodium acetate (control), lead acetate or cadmium acetate alone, or both during gestational period, with pretreatment of 5 days prior to mating. There were no alterations in reproductive performance in all metal-treated groups. Implantation enzymes, cathepsin-D and alkaline phosphatase, activity were altered, but no change in the reproductive performance was observed. The key steroidogenic enzymes of ovary and placenta (3beta-HSD and 17beta-HSD), along with gonadal steroids, were affected the most in cadmium and combined treated animals whereas lead-treated animals showed a minimum change compared to the control group. Maximum displacement of zinc bound to metallothionein was more in cadmium and combined treated rats when compared to other metal-treated groups. Biomolecules such as glycogen, protein, RNA, DNA, and protein content were affected in all metal-treated groups, whereas cadmium-treated animals showed greater effect. General parameters of toxicity such as alkaline phosphatase, serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase, and creatinine were altered but were within the normal range. Biochemical effects are correlated with metals accumulated in blood, reproductive tissue such as placenta and ovary.

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