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[Urokinase in the management of occluded PICC lines]

Author(s): Muller C, Jacquier A, Varoquaux A, Cohen F, Louis G, Gaubert JY, Moulin G, Bartoli JM, Vidal V

Affiliation(s): Service de Radiologie, Hopital de la Timone, 264, rue Saint-Pierre, 13385 Marseille cedex 05. cyril.muller@ap-hm.fr

Publication date & source: 2010-03, J Radiol., 91(3 Pt 1):287-91.

Publication type: English Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy and safety of urokinase in the management of occluded PICC lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 587 PICC lines were placed over an 11 month period. During this period, 28 PICC lines (4.8%) became occluded: 12 occluded PICC lines were successfully managed by simple flushing with normal saline while 16 PICC lines were thrombolyzed with urokinase. RESULTS: After urokinase, 93.8% (15/16) of occluded PICC lines were completely patent. A single infusion of urokinase, 20,000 IU over 30 minutes, was used in all cases. No secondary occlusion or complication was noted after urokinase. CONCLUSION: Urokinase is effective and safe to restore patency to occluded PICC lines. The procedure is simple, and could be performed at the bedside by nursing staff after medical prescription. It is an alternative to over the wire PICC line exchange, that could reduce the risk of complication related to manipulations, patient discomfort and cost.

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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