Effect of preemptive topical diclofenac on postoperative pain relief after photorefractive keratectomy.
Author(s): Mohammadpour M, Jabbarvand M, Nikdel M, Adelpour M, Karimi N
Affiliation(s): Ophthalmology Department and Eye Research Center, Cornea Consultant, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Publication date & source: 2011-04, J Cataract Refract Surg., 37(4):633-7.
Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial
PURPOSE: To assess the prophylactic effect of preoperative application of topical diclofenac on postoperative pain control in patients having photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). SETTING: Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. DESIGN: Randomized masked clinical trial. METHODS: In this paired-eye study, patients having bilateral PRK received 1 drop of diclofenac 0.1% in 1 eye and 1 drop of placebo in the fellow eye 2 hours before PRK. Postoperatively, both arms of the trial (both eyes of each patient) received topical diclofenac every 6 hours for 2 days. One day and 2 days postoperatively, patients were asked to rate the perceived pain in each eye using an 11-point verbal numerical rating scale. A trained examiner noted the eye-specific responses. RESULTS: All 70 patients (140 eyes) completed the study and were included in the statistical analysis. Twenty-four hours after PRK, patients reported pain scores that were clinically and statistically significantly lower in the eyes pretreated with diclofenac than in the fellow eyes (0.97 versus 2.09) (P=.018). Pain scores at 2 days did not differ significantly (P=.877). CONCLUSION: Administration of a single drop of topical diclofenac 0.1% 2 hours before PRK seemed to increase the efficacy of postoperative pain management in a clinically and statistically significant manner. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE: No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. Copyright (c) 2011 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.