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Antibody responses to keyhole limpet hemocyanin, lipopolysaccharide, and Newcastle Disease virus vaccine in F2 and backcrosses of white Leghorn lines selected for two different immune response traits.

Author(s): Minozzi G, Parmentier HK, Nieuwland MG, Bed'hom B, Minvielle F, Gourichon D, Pinard-van der Laan MH

Affiliation(s): UMR1236 Genetique et Diversite Animales, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique/AgroParisTech, F-78352 Jouy en Josas, France. Giulietta.Minozzi@jouy.inra.fr

Publication date & source: 2007-07, Poult Sci., 86(7):1316-22.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Planned crosses were designed to produce an F(2) and 2 backcross populations from 2 lines of White Leghorn chickens previously selected over 10 generations for 2 different in vivo immune responses. The selection criteria applied on the 2 grandparental lines were as follows: high antibody response to Newcastle disease virus vaccine 3 wk after vaccination (ND3) and high cell-mediated immune response [response to phytohemagglutinin]. Furthermore a control line was kept by random breeding. The objective of the study was to estimate if the 2 selection criteria applied on the pure lines had changed the level of and type of immune (humoral) response to a new antigen, keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH), in the various second-generation progeny groups. In addition, correlations between parameters of acquired and innate immunity were tested. Primary total (IgT) and isotype-specific (IgG and IgM) antibody response to KLH 1 wk after immunization and levels of natural antibodies (NAB) binding to Salmonella enteriditis-derived lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were measured. Although no differences were present between IgM and IgG antibodies to KLH and the phytohemagglutinin skin-swelling response, significant differences were present between all the progeny groups for IgT to KLH and ND3 and NAB binding to LPS. The mean values for IgT to ND3 and KLH were significantly different between the crosses using the selected lines compared with the control line, indicating a contribution of the previous selection. In addition, a sex effect was found for IgM to KLH and NAB to LPS, for which females had a higher response than males in both cases. No interaction between progeny type and sex was found. Furthermore, significant positive correlations were found between NAB to LPS and specific antibody titers to KLH. Finally, the results of the present study demonstrated an interaction between innate and acquired immunity under this strategy of selection and crossbreeding and confirmed the effect of selection on general immune response to a new antigen in second-generation crosses.

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