A prospective randomized study to determine the efficacy of preoperative topical levofloxacin in reducing conjunctival bacterial flora.
Author(s): Mino de Kaspar H, Kreutzer TC, Aguirre-Romo I, Ta CN, Dudichum J, Bayrhof M, Klauss V, Kampik A
Affiliation(s): Department of Ophthalmology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany; Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California.
Publication date & source: 2008-01, Am J Ophthalmol., 145(1):136-142. Epub 2007 Nov 8.
PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of topical levofloxacin in combination with povidone-iodine irrigation vs povidone-iodine (PVI) alone in reducing conjunctival bacteria. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. METHODS: One hundred and forty eyes of 140 patients scheduled to undergo intraocular surgery eyes were randomized to either group 1 or 2 (70 each). Whereas group 1 eyes had no prophylactic antibiotic, eyes in group 2 received topical treatment with one drop of 0.5% levofloxacin four times on the day before surgery. Both groups underwent irrigation of the fornices with 1% PVI. Conjunctival swabs were inoculated on solid and broth culture media to determine bacterial growth. RESULTS: Of 132 eyes evaluated, baseline culture analysis in thioglycolate demonstrated positive culture results in 55 (84.6%) of 65 eyes from group 1, similar to 55 (82.1%) of 67 eyes in group 2 (P = .697). Before surgery, 57 (87.7%) of 65 eyes in group 1 had positive culture results, compared with 50 (74.6%) of 67 eyes in group 2 (P = .055). After irrigation with PVI, 20 (30.8 %) of 65 eyes in group 1 had positive culture results, compared with only eight (11.9%) of 67 eyes in group 2 (P = .008). After surgery, 15 (23.1%) of 65 eyes in group 1 and six (9.0%) of 67 eyes in group 2 had positive culture results (P = .027). CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows an enhanced effect of using topical levofloxacin in combination with PVI irrigation to reduce conjunctival bacteria in patients undergoing intraocular surgery.