Bronchodilator effects of exercise hyperpnea and albuterol in mild-to-moderate asthma.
Author(s): Milanese M, Saporiti R, Bartolini S, Pellegrino R, Baroffio M, Brusasco V, Crimi E
Affiliation(s): S.C. Pneumologia, Ospedale S. Corona, Pietra Ligure, Italy.
Publication date & source: 2009-08, J Appl Physiol., 107(2):494-9. Epub 2009 Jun 18.
Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
In asthmatic patients, either bronchodilatation or bronchoconstriction may develop during exercise. In 18 patients with mild-to-moderate asthma, we conducted two studies with the aims to 1) quantify the bronchodilator effect of hyperpnea induced by incremental-load maximum exercise compared with effects of inhaled albuterol (study 1, n=10) and 2) determine the time course of changes in airway caliber during prolonged constant-load exercise (study 2, n=8). In both studies, it was also investigated whether the bronchodilator effects of exercise hyperpnea and albuterol are additive. Changes in airway caliber were measured by changes in partial forced expiratory flow. In study 1, incremental-load exercise was associated with a bronchodilatation that was approximately 60% of the maximal bronchodilatation obtainable with 1,500 microg of albuterol. In study 2, constant-load exercise was associated with an initial moderate bronchodilatation and a late airway renarrowing. In both studies, premedication with inhaled albuterol (400 microg) promoted sustained bronchodilatation during exercise, which was additive to that caused by exercise hyperpnea. In conclusion, in mild-to-moderate asthmatic individuals, hyperpnea at peak exercise was associated with a potent yet not complete bronchodilatation. During constant-load exercise, a transient bronchodilatation was followed by airway renarrowing, suggesting prevalence of constrictor over dilator effects of hyperpnea. Finally, the bronchodilator effect of hyperpnea was additive to that of albuterol.